小舌形贝属

2018-06-25 21:59:00
 
小舌形贝属
化石时期: 中寒武世–泥盆纪
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Botsfordia caelata 1.png
Lingulella caelata
Lingulella caelata
科学分类
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 腕足动物门 Brachiopoda
亚门: 舌形贝型亚门 Linguliformea
纲: 舌形贝纲 Lingulata
目: 舌形贝目 Lingulida
总科: 舌形贝超科 Linguloidea
科: 圆货贝科 Obolidae
亚科: Lingulenae?
属: 小舌形贝属 Lingulella
Salter, 1886
模式种
Lingulella davisii1
McCoy, 1851

见内文

小舌形贝属(学名:Lingulella)是圆货贝科下已灭绝的一个属,生存在寒武纪至泥盆纪的海洋中,属于较早期的腕足动物,行沙底掘穴或附生于伊尔东钵英语EldoniaEldonia)等浮游生物的方式生活。本属化石广见于世界各地寒武纪至中奥陶世的地层中2,如加拿大中寒武世伯吉斯页岩和美国上奥陶统布罗米德群英语Bromide Formation等。34

目录

  • 1 特征
  • 2 物种
    • 2.1 重新分配的物种
  • 3 参考文献

特征

这种腕足动物的体型较小,壳瓣双凸状,凸起平缓,呈长卵形、阔卵形或近三角形,壳体薄,由磷酸盐类组成5,前缘一般呈宽圆状,朝壳喙方向逐渐缩小,壳喙位于假铰合面边缘。两瓣壳近相等,腹壳稍长且假铰合面高,在假铰合面顶端长有肉茎管。腹壳内可见盾状肌肉瘢痕区,顶肌痕呈心形,中央肌痕则呈小的三角形,后侧肌痕不明。背壳内有时可见一条狭窄的中脊。壳表面有同心状饰纹,内层壳有放散状花纹。2

物种

  • Lingulella agaue Mergl & Kordule, 2008
  • Lingulella alabamensis
  • Lingulella alata Holmer, 1989
  • Lingulella alia
  • Lingulella allani Walcott, 1912
  • Lingulella amabilis Reed, 1917
  • Lingulella angustata
  • Lingulella angustior Reed, 1917
  • Lingulella antiquissima Jeremejew, 1856
  • Lingulella arachne Barrande, 1879
  • Lingulella arctica Walcott, 1924
  • Lingulella arguta
  • Lingulella augusta
  • Lingulella afga
  • Lingulella bella
  • Lingulella bellisculpta Clark, 1935
  • Lingulella bohemica Koliha, 1921
  • Lingulella borealis
  • Lingulella brainerdi
  • Lingulella brevis Portlock, 1843
  • Lingulella bridgei
  • Lingulella bukovensis Koliha, 1924
  • Lingulella burnetensis
  • Lingulella buttsi
  • Lingulella bynguanoensis Roberts, 1990
  • Lingulella caelata
  • Lingulella carrickensis Reed, 1917
  • Lingulella chapa
  • 澄江小舌形贝 Lingulella chengjiangensis Jin, Hou & Wang, 1993
  • Lingulella chinchiaensis Kobayashi, 1933
  • Lingulella chinensis
  • Lingulella chuarensis
  • Lingulella circa Xu & Liu, 1984
  • Lingulella clarkei
  • Lingulella clivosa Pelman, 1983
  • Lingulella clochensis?
  • Lingulella columba
  • Lingulella concinna
  • Lingulella corralensis Rusconi, 1950?
  • Lingulella damesi
  • Lingulella davisii McCoy, 1851
  • Lingulella decorticata
  • Lingulella delgadoi
  • Lingulella derwentii Postlethwaite, 1897
  • Lingulella desiderata
  • Lingulella dimorpha
  • Lingulella displosa Williams 1974
  • Lingulella dotensis Kobayashi, 1934
  • Lingulella dusaaulti Patte, 1929
  • Lingulella dzhavodiensis Sobolev, 1975
  • Lingulella elata Pelman, 1986
  • Lingulella ellsi
  • Lingulella endopunctata
  • Lingulella eucharis Resser, 1939
  • Lingulella euglypha
  • Lingulella exilis
  • Lingulella exortiva
  • Lingulella expulsa Barrande, 1879
  • Lingulella fenxiangensis Wang, 1978
  • Lingulella ferox
  • Lingulella ferruginea Salter in Salter & Hicks, 1867
  • Lingulella fostermontensis
  • Lingulella franklinensis
  • Lingulella galba
  • Lingulella genei
  • Lingulella glypta
  • Lingulella grandis
  • Lingulella granvillensis
  • Lingulella haimantensis
  • Lingulella halei
  • Lingulella hatai
  • Lingulella havliceki Mergl & Slehoferova, 1990
  • Lingulella hayaeri
  • Lingulella hayesi
  • Lingulella hesperia Williams & Curry, 1985
  • Lingulella hilli
  • Lingulella hinganensis Su, 1980
  • Lingulella hitka
  • Lingulella howardi Postlethwaite, 1897
  • Lingulella hsiensis
  • Lingulella humaensis Su, 1980
  • Lingulella huronensis
  • Lingulella ibicus
  • Lingulella idahoensis Resser, 1938
  • Lingulella iddingsi
  • Lingulella ino
  • Lingulella insons Barr.
  • Lingulella intermedia Liu, Zhu & Xue, 1985
  • Lingulella irene
  • Lingulella iris
  • Lingulella jakutensis
  • Lingulella jerseyensis
  • Lingulella kalpinensis Zhang, 1981
  • Lingulella kanabensis Resser, 1945
  • Lingulella kanlingensis Zhang, 1981
  • Lingulella kayseri Sun, 1923
  • Lingulella kiddoi
  • Lingulella kingstonensis
  • Lingulella kitatiensis Aksarina, 1978
  • Lingulella lasherensis Rusconi, 1951
  • Lingulella lata Koliha, 1924
  • Lingulella lepis Salter, 1866
  • Lingulella libecovensis Koliha, 1918
  • Lingulella lineolata
  • Lingulella linguata Pelman, 1977
  • Lingulella lirata
  • Lingulella lithuanica Korkutis, 1971
  • Lingulella liui
  • Lingulella lochmanae
  • Lingulella longa
  • Lingulella longula
  • Lingulella major Teixeira, Ribeiro & Silva, 1964
  • Lingulella manchuriensis
  • Lingulella mania
  • Lingulella manticula
  • Lingulella marcia Walcott, 1911
  • Lingulella martillensis Rusconi, 1952
  • Lingulella matthewi Koliha, 1921
  • Lingulella mcconnelli Walcott, 1889
  • Lingulella mechos/nechos
  • Lingulella mehaeigueni Legrand, 1974
  • Lingulella miltoni
  • Lingulella minus
  • Lingulella minuscula Sobolev, 1975
  • Lingulella modesta Lochman, 1940
  • Lingulella montana Fenton & Fenton, 1936
  • Lingulella monticola
  • Lingulella moosensis<
  • Lingulella morsei
  • Lingulella mosia
  • Lingulella murcia var. templetonensis Chapman, 1929
  • Lingulella narrawayi
  • Lingulella nepos
  • Lingulella nerva
  • Lingulella nicholsoni Callaway, 1877
  • Lingulella nina
  • Lingulella nicholsoni Callaway, 1877
  • Lingulella paliformis
  • Lingulella parvula
  • Lingulella pela densis Rusconi, 1951
  • Lingulella pennsylvanica
  • Lingulella perattenuata
  • Lingulella petalon Davidson, 1868
  • Lingulella pingchouensis
  • Lingulella pingchouensis
  • Lingulella proveedorensis Cooper, 1952/1954
  • Lingulella putilla
  • Lingulella quadrilateralis
  • Lingulella quaestor Reed, 1917
  • Lingulella raymondi Clark, 1924
  • Lingulella remius/remus
  • Lingulella reticulata
  • Lingulella rideauensis
  • Lingulella rotunda Pelman, 1977
  • Lingulella rugosilinea
  • Lingulella sanfangensis
  • Lingulella sculptilis
  • Lingulella sequens
  • Lingulella shansiensis
  • Lingulella siliqua
  • Lingulella silurica Yadrenkina, 1986
  • Lingulella solitariensis Rusconi, 1950
  • Lingulella spicata
  • Lingulella spitiensis
  • Lingulella stonei
  • Lingulella ubdivisa Rusconi, 1950
  • Lingulella subfusula Su, 1980
  • Lingulella subparallela
  • Lingulella sufi Mergl & Slehoferova, 1990
  • Lingulella sulcata Barrande, 1879
  • Lingulella taijiangensis Huang, Wang, Zhao & Dai, 1994
  • Lingulella takayamai
  • Lingulella tangshihensias
  • Lingulella tarpa
  • Lingulella tenuitesta
  • Lingulella terranovica Howell, 1943
  • Lingulella texana
  • Lingulella texana
  • Lingulella thems mckeei Resser, 1945
  • Lingulella tomkolensis Kobayashi, 1934
  • Lingulella tsuchidai
  • Lingulella turneri
  • Lingulella variabilis Pelman, 1977
  • Lingulella variolata
  • Lingulella vermontensis
  • Lingulella virginiensis
  • Lingulella viridis Cobbold, 1921
  • Lingulella wanniecki
  • Lingulella waptaensis
  • Lingulella welleri
  • Lingulella wirthi
  • Lingulella wongi
  • Lingulella yabei
  • Lingulella yingtzuensie Kobayashi, 1931
  • Lingulella yongchengensis Zeng, 1977
  • Lingulella yuechiensis Xu, 1978
  • Lingulella zejszneri Bednarczyk, 1960
  • Lingulella zetus
  • Lingulella zeus
  • Lingulella zulupeana Rusconi, 1954

重新分配的物种

以下的物种现时已被置入其他属。

  • L. acuminata Walcott, 1908 = Lingulepis acuminata Conrad
  • L. acuta Pelman, 1977
  • L. acutangula = Lingulepis acutangulus Roemer, 1849
  • L. africana Legrand, 1974

参考文献

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Fossilworks: Lingulella. 2018-02-18 (英语). 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 小舌形贝属 - 教育百科. 2018-02-18 (中文). 
  3. ^ Amsden, T.W. Catalogue of Fossils from the Middle and Upper Ordovician of Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey, Circular 43. 1957
  4. ^ Byrnes, J.G. Notes on the Nature and Environmental Significance of the Receptaculitaceae. Lethaia, Vol. 1, pp. 368-381 (1968)
  5. ^ Pettersson Stolk, S.; Holmer, L. E.; Caron, J. B. First record of the brachiopod Lingulella waptaensis with pedicle from the Middle Cambrian Burgess Shale. Acta Zoologica. 2010, 91: 150. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6395.2009.00394.x. 

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